雅思作文高分语法_4岁小孩学英语的app


少儿英语收费,今天给大家介绍一下:雅思作文高分语法还有哪些值得我注意的地方呢?在线口语一对一,下面就跟着小编我给大家详细解一下:雅思作文高分语法少儿英语收费,在线口语一对一,,看完此文相信大家对学习又会有新的看法了。

雅思作文高分语法。语法在雅思作为中占有很高的地位,可以如果如果你不懂得语法,你的作文根本就不可能取得高分,下面是小编整理的关于雅思作文高分语法,希望能帮到你!

英语学习

雅思写作高分语法结构

I 背景介绍

无论是从大多数考生备考雅思的过程中,还是从历年来雅思考试四项的中国考生平均分里,我们了解到中国考生在雅思写作方面非常薄弱。因为写作是最能体现个人的语言运用能力和水平的,所以不像其他课程可以通过短期的特训得到很快的提高,它要求考生花时间对词汇,句型,语法等等内容的整理,记忆,以及运用。

在具体写作的过程中,老师,以及考生遇到的棘手问题就包括对评分标准中的最后一项Grammatical Ranges Accuracy的正确把握和理解。就我的理解而言,此项评分标准考察考生写英语句子的能力。它体现在两点上:多样性和准确性。此篇文章将就句子的多样性进行探讨。

II 我的理解

句子的多样性取决于句子类型的丰富性,一篇文章能够熟练使用不同的句型。换句话说,它考察的是考生能否像当地居民(native speaker)一样写出地道的句子。它既考察考生简单句和复杂句的综合运用能力,还考察考生对不同的句型的掌握情况。但我们通过翻看剑桥后考官提供的范文,会发现那些a very good answer中复杂句的数量寥寥可数,占主导地位的还是简单句,只不过这些简单句都有了华丽的包装。就我的总结,这些高分的语法结构有以下几种。

III 高分语法结构介绍

1. 状语前置

状语前置就是把一个修饰动词的状语结构,如介词短语,分词形式或动词不定式引导的短语放到句首。雅思写作中状语前置是很拿分的句式,不过很多考生都没意识到这一点。

请看下面从剑桥提供的范文中节选的句子:

1) Like self-awareness, this is also very difficult to achieve, but I think these are the two factors that may be the most important for achieving happiness.

2) Throughout the century, the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural purposes.

3)With a population of 176 million, the figures for Brazil indicate how high agricultural water consumption can be in some countries.

使用状语前置的最大优点是让单调的句子有了跳跃的节奏感。考官一天看上百张考卷,看到这样的句子也会心情愉悦。

注意: 插入语

此种语法结构是可以理解为是状语前置的另一种变体,它将状语结构提到了主句的主语和谓语之间。插入语也是相对地道的英语表达方法。请看以下几例:

1). Universities, when it is functioning well, should offer both theoretical knowlede as well as professional training.

2). So overall, I believe that, attending school from a young age is good for most children.

插入语的功能的状语前置基本相似,都能使句子更有跳跃感和地道。

2. 倒装句

这种语法现象很多考生都学过,即把谓语提前到主语之前,用在作文中比较新颖。如以下几个例子:

1). The parents should spend time on their children, they should also communicate with them.

2). We can never lose sight of the significance of education.

以上两句话都没有任何错误,但是读来非常平淡,没有任何特色,如果我们用倒装句,出来的效果就完全不一样了。

1). Not only should parents spend time on their children, they are also advised to interact with them.

2). On no account / by no means / in no way can we lose sight of the significance of education.

当然在平时教学和备课的过程中我们还是要不断积累各式各样的倒装句句式进行替换,灵活运用。

3. 强调句

It is that / It is who 正是导致了

以下是考官写的一句话:

1. It is the interaction of the two that shapes a persons personality and dictates how that personality develops.

强调句是考生比较难把握的一种句型,容易和it引导的形式主语相混淆,但其实我们只要找到强调句的一个特点,即去掉It is that / It is who 仍然是一个完整的句子。

通过以上三种句式结构的介绍,考生就能轻松给简单句穿上外衣进行包装了,这样表达同样的意思用不同的句式结构,出来的效果完全不一样。在我教学的过程中,这几个句型帮助学生突破了如何写好句子的瓶颈。下面我们来看一句话分别用不同的三种表达方法,明显改变了效果。

中文: 二十世纪末科技的繁荣,人们开始广泛使用电脑。

1). witness 句型

The late 20th century witnessed the prosperity in science and technology, thereby giving rise to the wide application of computers.

2). With结构状语前置

With the prosperity in science and technology in the late 20th century, the computers were widely applied.

3). 倒装句

So flourishing was the science and technology in the late 20th century that computers were widely applied in various fronts.

4). 强调句型

It was the prosperity in science and technology in the late 20th century that gave rise to the wide application of computers.

三个句型分别应用在以上三句话中,相同意思用不同的句型来表达,使文章句型更加丰富。

IV总结

现在考生中普遍存在的一个误区就是认为雅思写作就是难的复杂句结构的叠加,但是无论是考官自己写的范文,还是剑桥上公布的高分范文,我们都有理由相信,复杂句不是拿雅思写作高分的必要条件。考生必须对英语的句法有大体的把握,所以我相信以上介绍的几种语法结构对考生写句子的能力以及地道表达都有很大帮助,在考试中实战性较强。

雅思写作高分技巧

要知道雅思写作考试中最主要考察大家的是什么,肯定很多同学会说是语法,词汇或英语的运用能力等,不可否认,这些知识对雅思写作非常的关键,但通过我这么多年的雅思写作的教学经验来说,我认为最重要的是要写出真正的英语,也就是说尽量少出现中式英语的东西,也就是我们常说的Chinglish。那如何能在短时间内避免出现中式英语的错误呢,最好的方法就是多收集这方面的材料,不要犯类似的错误。下面是一些同学在写作中经常犯的一些错误,还有我的分析,希望对大家能有所帮助。

1. 概念的错误

在写作中,有类词语表面上看似乎是对的,但实际上却没有表达出你想要表达的意思,有时恰恰适得其反。用这类词语写成的英语句子常常引起误解。

① (误)When we go into society after graduation, we will encounter many difficulties.

(正)When we start to work after graduation, we will encounter many difficulties.

go into society没有汉语进入社会的含义。在西方,它是指一个人到一定的年龄可以开始社会交往,如结交异性朋友,进入某些社交或公共场所等。而汉语进入社会一般指学生中学或大学毕业后参加工作。

② (误)Left alone in the jungle at night ,she felt very dangerous.

(正)Left alone in the jungle at night, she felt t hat she was in great danger.

dangerous与作者要表达的意思完全相反。说某人dangerous,实际上是说他在某一方面对某人构成危胁,而不是处于危险的境地。这个词用错,意思就完全变了。原意是她感到处于危险中。

2、搭配不当

用词搭配是我国学生学英语最感棘手的地方,在雅思写作中,这种错误也是经常出现的,所以希望大家引起重视,因为中文里的某些词语在不同的语境里,英语有不同的说法,而这些说法是约定俗成的,完全是习惯用法所致,我们稍有不慎,便会犯错。现举一些考生在考试中常犯的错误:

① (误)At college, we should learn as much knowledge as possible so t hat we can be well prepared for our future career.

(正)At college, we should acquire as much knowledge as possible so t hat we can be well prepared for our future career.

学习知识是学生写作时经常用到的词组,但不少学生都写成learn knowledge,实际上knowledge是不能与learn搭配的,只能与acquire,obtain,absorb,accumulate ,develop,advance,gain,broaden ,enlarge,impart,derive ,deepen, brush up, digest 等词搭配使用。

② (误)In July, they will take part in the final term examinations.

(正)In July, they will take t he final term examinations.

examination或test不能与take part in搭配使用,但可以和attend, have, sit for

,conduct, enter for, get through, pass, fail等词语用在一起。

3、用词累赘

由于对某些词和词组的意思缺乏真正的理解或把要表达的意思先用中文想好,然后逐字翻译成英语,造成累赘。例如:

① (误)In my opinion, I think t he production and sale of fake commodities should be

banned.

(正)I think t he production and sale of fake commodities should be banned.

in my opinion与I think意思完全相同,可以删去其中的一个。

② (误)Scientists are trying to find a solution to solve t he problem of energy shortage .

(正)Scientist s are trying to find a solution to t he problem of energy shortage.

一个词与它的派生词一起出现,造成意思重复,给人以累赘的感觉,改正后的句子变得简洁多了。

③ (误)Waste gas is t he main cause which leads to air pollution .

(正)Waste gas is t he main cause of air pollution.

cause和lead to都表原因,同时使用造成意思重复。

4、逗号连接错误

中国学生在英语写作中常常单独使用逗号而不用句号、分号、冒号或连结词来连接两个或几个独立的分句。例如:

① (误)The weather was fine, we decided to climb t he mountain.

(正)As the weather was fine, we decided to climb t he mountain.

② (误)The [wv]prospects[/vw] are bright, the road has twists and turns.

(正)While t he prospects are bright, the road has twists and turns.

上面两个标有误的句子在语法上没有错误,它错就错在逗号的使用不当。错误的根源是学生受汉语写作习惯的影响,把汉语逗号的作用等同于英语逗号的作用。在汉语中,逗号可以单独使用在并列分句之间。

(1)变成两个简单句:

The wind was blow ing very hard. They couldnt go boating on t he lake.

(2)变成并列句,用逗号加并列连接:

The wind was blowing very hard they couldnt go boating on t he lake.

(3)变成并列句,用分号连接:

The wind was blowing very hard; couldnt go boating on t he lake.

(4)变成并列句,用分号加连接性副连接:

The wind was blowing very hard ,therefore, they couldnt go boating on lake.

(5)变成并列句,有时也可以用冒接,这时第二个分句解释说明第一个分句

They couldnt go boating on the lake; the wind was blowing very hard.

(6)变成复合句:

As the wind was blowing very hard they couldnt go boating on t he lake.

(7)用独立主格结构改写句子:

The wind blowing very hard, they couldnt go boating on t he lake.

看了以上几点雅思写作高分技巧,如果大家在词汇和语法有一定累积的基础上,再避免出现中式英语的东西,加上观点的正确性,我想那些基础差的考生想拿到雅思写作六分,应该可以如愿以偿的。最后祝愿大家在新的一年里,能够顺利通过雅思考试,拿到心中的分数。

雅思写作必备语法知识

1、状语前置 状语前置就是把一个修饰动词的状语结构,如介词短语,分词形式或动词不定式引导的短语放到句首、雅思写作中状语前置是很拿分的句式,不过很多考生都没意识到这一点。请看下面从剑桥提供的范文中节选的句子:

1) Like self-awareness, this is also very difficult to achieve, but I thinkthese are the two factors that may be the most important for achievinghappiness.

2) Throughout the century, the largest quantity of water was used foragricultural purposes.

3) With a population of 176 million, the figures for Brazil indicate howhigh agricultural water consumption can be in some countries.

使用状语前置的最大优点是让单调的句子有了跳跃的节奏感、考官一天看上百张考卷,看到这样的句子也会心情愉悦。

2、插入语 此种语法结构是可以理解为是状语前置的另一种变体,它将状语结构提到了主句的主语和谓语之间、插入语也是相对地道的英语表达方法、请看以下几例:

1) Universities, when it is functioning well, should offer both theoreticalknowledge as well as professional training.

2) So overall, I believe that, attending school from a young age is goodfor most children.

插入语的功能和状语前置基本相似,都能使句子更有跳跃感和地道。

3、倒装句 这种语法现象相信很多学员都学过,即把谓语提前到主语之前,用在作文中比较新颖。我们先来看以下几个例子:

1) The parents should spend time on their children, they should alsocommunicate with them.

2) We can never lose sight of the significance of education.

以上两句话都没有任何错误,但是读来非常平淡,没有任何特色,如果我们用倒装句,出来的效果就完全不一样了。

1) Not only should parents spend time on their children, they are alsoadvised to interact with them.

2) On no account / by no means / in no way can we lose sight of thesignificance of education.

三个雅思写作高分技巧分享

一: 避免空洞的单词和词组

1. 一些空洞的单词或词组根本不能为句子带来任何相关的或重要的信息,完全可以被删掉。比如下面的句子:

When all things are considered, young adults of today live more satisfying lives than those of their parents, in my opinion.

这句话当中的when all things are considered和in my opinion都显得多余。完全可以去掉。改为:

Young adults of today live more satisfying lives than their parents.

2. 有些空洞和繁琐的表达方式可以进行替换,例如:

Due to the fact that our grandparents were under an obligation to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have at

this point in time.

due to the fact that就是一个很典型的繁琐的表达方式的例子,可以替换,简化为下面的表达方式:

Because our grandparents were obligated to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have now.

二: 避免重复

1. 尽量避免重复使用同样的词汇。有的时候虽然词汇没有重复,但意思却有重复,这时可以做一些简化的工作。例如:

The farm my grandfather grew up on was large in size.

large 对一个farm来说就是size方面的large,所以in size可以去掉,改为:

The farm my grandfather grew up on was large.

更简洁的表达方式为:

My grandfather grew up on a large farm.

2. 有时一个词组可以用一个更简单的单词来替换,例如:

My grandfather has said over and over again that he had to work on his parents farm。

这里的over and over again就可以改为repeatedly,显得更为简洁:

My grandfather has said repeatedly that he had to work on his parents farm.

三:选择最恰当的语法结构

选择合适的语法结构可以使句子意思的表达更为精确和简练。以下是在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

1. 一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。例如:.

The situation that resulted in my grandfathers not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是grandfathers not being able to可能一节课下来都不能开口说英语,jnthcs.cn而在线英语学习可以让您有更多的机会学习说英语 study。

在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

My grandfather couldnt study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

2.避免频繁使用there be结构,例如下面的句子:

There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.

可以改为:

My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.

更简洁的句式为:

My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

3.把从句改为短语或单词。例如:

Dairy cows were raised on the farm, which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

简介的表达方式为:

The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearest university.

4.仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。例如:

In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfathers family.

本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是忙碌的家庭-my grandfathers family。

而使用了被动语态后,仿佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式其实我也是研究了很久关于线上英语培训机构的事情了www.jxwzhs点抗.com也去问了很多人的意见是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

In the fall, my grandfathers family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.

以上就是小编总结的雅思写作高分技巧。提醒想要在雅思写作方面获得高分考生:

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